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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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that " nothing will work soundly or for long without the united effort
of the British and American peoples. If we are together nothing is
impossible. If we are divided all will fail." Roosevelt had forgotten this
truism at Teheran, but a year of Soviet conquest., their adoption of the
aggressive part of Hitler's programme was sufficient to jolt his memory
at the Crimea, and he stood united with Churchill in opposition to
Stalin's designs, but now it was to prove immaterial. . . . Stalin was in
a much stronger position than he had been fourteen months before at
After Munich, Gandhi had remarked that " they sold their souls for
seven days of earthly existence." At the Crimea they had nothing more
to sell . . . they had lost their souls at Teheran. Roosevelt at last
understood that unless he supported England and if he refused to colla-
borate with it, then Europe., the whole of Europe , in a matter of months.,
not years, would be in Stalin's hands and England would find herself
fighting on the bridgehead of France. The Second Great War would
reach its last and final phase.
The problem had been set by Stalin and the responsibility for the next
move on the chess-board rested more with Roosevelt than with Churchill.
The strong pieces were in Stalin's hands, and the two other partners
had to believe at last that he really intended carrying out his threat and
racing the foaming war-horses over those countries as yet spaced by their
hooves. Panic-stricken and check-mated by the Russian autocrat, they
signed whatever Molotov put in front of them on that table. They merely
bargained over details. They argued in an effort to gain a few months
or years of c earthly existence.,5 until the war with Japan would be finished,
but in the meantime they signed the death warrant of part of the Western
world., the world of which they were the representatives, and each fraction
of which, if undefended by them, would inevitably be annexed by the
Soviets in the shortest possible time. They agreed to destroy Germany
as a Power—and brought themselves within firing distance of the guns
of the Red Army. They appended their recognition to the seizure of the
Eastern part of the Middle Zone, the Baltic States, and handed over half
Poland, wrapped in the Union Jack and Stars and Stripes to Stalin,
admitting recognition of the Ribbentrop-Molotov agreement of 1939
(although the name, * Curzon Line ' in this instance had been substituted
in the text) which had once been so emphatically rejected by His Majesty's
Government in a Note handed by Anthony Eden to Sikorski on July
When Poland had stood between life and death during the Communist
invasion of 1920, and Lloyd George had expressed the opinion she could
still be saved by a withdrawal to the ' Curzon Line/ it was The Times
who had written with indignation on August 18, 1920 :—
*c Those (terms) which Mr. Lloyd George and Lord Curzon had recom-